How To Have A Career In Teaching

Teachers' primary function is to help their students by imparting them with knowledge and giving them the opportunity an environment where they can and will learn. However, teachers fill for a complex set of rules that might vary from one society to another as well as from one educational level to another.

Teaching is one of the noblest professions, and it is also the most largely practised profession. A teacher is someone who helps in shaping a human from the root who in turn shapes the society and the world. 

About the Teacher

Teaching has a broad spectrum. To take up teaching as a career, one must have a passion for teaching and students, only then will teachers be able to do justice to their responsibility.. 

  • Starting from school teachers – people who help us in our school by imparting our knowledge – to special education teachers – who work with students who face difficulty learning and have other mental, emotional or physical conditions. These teachers not only help their students academically but also help them in overall development. 
  • Some teachers have been trained for different school levels – such as preschool teacher, nursery teacher, primary teachers and high school teachers. 
  • Several teachers specialize in certain subjects - such as English, History, Geography, Mathematics, Science, Physical Education or Yoga.

Eligibility to become a Teacher

For anyone aspiring to become a teacher in India, they need to have a B.Ed or bachelor's degree in education. One can also add to their qualification by pursuing a master's degree (M.Ed). This will help in increasing one's employability.

  •  Aspiring candidate must have a B.Ed with a minimum aggregate of 55%, which is required to become a teacher. However, the candidate must keep in mind that the past percentage varies from school to school.
  • Along with a B.Ed degree, some of the schools ask for a master's degree in their respective fields for teaching in higher classes. 
  • There are several state and national level examinations for admission into B.Ed programs.

Apart from B.Ed and M.Ed, a candidate can also opt for the Basic Training Certificate (BTC) or Teacher Training Certificate or Diploma in Education (D.Ed) depending on one's interest.

How to Become a Teacher

In India, for different levels, different skills, qualifications and abilities are required. 

  • Pre-Primary School Teacher – Aspirants can pursue either of the two courses – Nursery Teachers Training (NTT) which is for one year or Diploma in Early Childhood Education (D.E.C.Ed.) after class 12th for two years.
  • Primary School Teacher – Aspirants can pursue any one of the following courses – Bachelor's in Elementary Education (B.El.Ed) which is for four years, Elementary Teacher Education (ETE) for two years or Diploma in Elementary Education (D.El.Ed) for two years.
  • Secondary School Teacher – Aspirants can be pursuing a Bachelor's in Education degree (B.Ed) for two years once they graduate from a teaching subject (non-professional, degree courses).
  • Senior Secondary School Teacher – Aspirants must have a post-graduation degree in a teaching subject (non-professional, degree courses) along with a Bachelor of Education (B.Ed) degree. One can pursue post-graduation in any discipline.
  • Special Educator – After completing graduation, one needs to pursue a Bachelor's in Education (B.Ed), specializing in Special Education.

Top Institutes for Teachers in India

Their institutions in India are offering proper education to upcoming teachers. Here are some institutions according to their level:

  • Pre-Primary School Teacher – Indira Gandhi Institute of Advanced Education, Mahatma Gandhi College of Education, INDOSS Polytechnic for Women, etc. 
  • Primary School Teacher – District Institute of Educational Training (Bhopal), District Institute of Educational Training (Meghalaya), Gargi College etc.
  • Secondary School Teacher – University of Delhi, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Banaras Hindu University etc.
  • Special Educator – Indian Institute of Health Education and Research, Kurukshetra University, Banaras Hindu University etc.

Teaching Entrance Exams

  • Teacher Eligibility Test (TET)
  • National Eligibility Test (NET)
  • Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET)
  • State Level Eligibility Test (SLET) or State Eligibility Test (SET) 
  • TGT PGT Eligibility Criteria
  • B.Ed 
  • M.Ed (B.Ed is mandatory)

Career Opportunities as Teacher

Teaching is one of the most widely chosen career options. There is an ample amount of opportunities for people with proper education and passion for teaching.

Employment Sector/Industry for Teacher

Teachers have a wide range of employment opportunities such as:

  • Government Schools
  • Public Schools
  • Private Schools
  • Municipality/ State Government Schools
  • Art College and Music Academies
  • College and Universities
  • Tutor

Jobs in Teacher

The job of a teacher depends on their specialization and their level of study. The most common ones are:

  • Primary school teacher
  • Secondary school teacher
  • High school teacher
  • College Professor 
  • Particular subject teacher
  • Special educator
  • Tutor

Salary of a Teacher

The teacher's salary in government schools is much higher than the teachers working in private schools. For fresher, teachers who work in central schools have an annual salary of Rs. 3,50,000 to Rs. 4,00,000.

On the other hand, starting salary package of teachers in private schools is between Rs. 2,00,000 to Rs. 3,00,000.

Study Material to Become Teacher

  • B.Ed Guide By Bharati Sharma
  • Complete Success Package – for Guru Gobind Singh B.Ed Entrance Exam Written by Arihant
  • B.Ed Entrance Exam Guide 01 Edition by RPH Editorial Board RPH

Pros & Cons of Becoming a Teacher


  • Opportunity to guide, inspire and educate young minds.
  • Highly respected job.
  • Multiple added benefits along with base salary.


  • A constant need for updating your knowledge.
  • Generally, colleges require Ph.D. degree as eligibility requirements some take postgrad students, but the pay is lower, and the job is not permanent.
  • The job can get monotonous.

FAQs about Teaching