Nutrition & Dietetics

How To Have A Career In Nutrition & Dietetics

Nutrition plays a vital role in everyone's life, and proper nutrition is needed for leading a healthy lifestyle. The food that you choose to consume has a significant impact on your health. Making appropriate changes in a diet can help prevent and control many health problems – such as diabetes, obesity, health diseases, and certain risk factors of cancer.

Intake of nutritious food ad metabolism of the nutrients can be associated with decreased risk of non-communicable and infectious diseases. The main objective of pursuing a career in Nutrition and Dietetics is that the candidate will be acquiring scientific knowledge about the basic principles and science of Nutrition and Dietetics. 

About the Nutritionist & Dietician

A nutrition professional offers guidance to individuals, families, and organizations on how to change their diet, lifestyles, and mindset to promote optimum health. A nutrition and dietetics major will have a broad understanding of food science, clinical nutrition, public health nutrition, sports nutrition, and its influence on human health and well-being. 

Nutritionists and dietetics majors are health care professionals who create diet plans for people apart from teaching them about the importance of a healthy diet. Nutritionists advise people on the types of food items required for the increase or decrease of weight. 

Eligibility to become a Nutritionist & Dietician

B.Sc. in Nutrition and Dietetics is an undergraduate course in nutrition and dietetics. The course is usually of 3-year duration, and generally, bioscience students take up this course. 

  • The student must have the subject combination of Physics, chemistry, and biology as one of their main subjects. 
  • The minimum eligibility criteria for pursuing UG nutrition and dietetics are a 10 and 10+2 qualification from an approved education State or National board. The candidate must score at least 50% in their 10+2 level examination. A 
  • To pursue PG in nutrition and dietetics, the eligibility criteria are a graduation degree or any other equivalent degree in any pertinent discipline from an approved university with a score of at least 55%. 

How to Become a Nutritionist & Dietician

Often people use the terms, Nutritionist, and Dietician interchangeably, but the primary job roles are different. Professionals who advise people on the various types and quantity of food intake required primarily for increasing or decreasing body weight are called nutritionists. 

Whereas, a Dietician is an expert who guides patients (medical patients in nursing homes, hospitals, etc.) on the correct nutritional intake. A dietician can work as a nutritionist, but a nutritionist cannot work as a dietician. 

Top Nutrition & Dietetics Institutes in India

  • Chandigarh University 
  • RVS College
  • Shoolini University
  • Lovely Professional University
  • Chandigarh University
  • Mount Carmel College 


Nutrition & Dietetics Entrance Exams

There is no particular single nation-wide entrance exam for admission to B.Sc. Nutrition and Diabetics Courses. However, in some states, universities which offer this course conduct university-level entrance exams. Most colleges accept access based on merit. The merit list is prepared based on their performance in 10+2. 

Career Opportunities in Nutrition & Dietetics

  • Clinical Nutritionist/Dietician – These individuals work in a medical setting such as a doctor's office, clinics, or hospitals. Clinical nutritionist/dieticianis one of the primary disciplines of Nutrition and Dietetics. The field's main focus is researching and acquiring knowledge for treating non-communicable and infectious diseases with therapeutic diets and innovations. 
  • PediatricDietician/Nutritionist – These individuals work with children of any age group from infants to adolescents advising them on nutrition accordingly. They can work with any hospital or set up any independent practice. 
  • Public Health Nutritionist/Dietician - It is the responsibility of a public health nutritionist to explain essential nutritional issues to their patients in communities' risk. They are also responsible for assessing the dietary and health requirements of a patient. Along with this, they also prepare effective diet plans that account for cultural and cost preferences.  
  • Sports and Health Dieticians/Nutritionist – These individuals work with various sports teams, sports clubs, and sports hostels. Their job is to plan for the sports personnel, keep their nutritional level in check, and their body muscle and weight in check. 

Employment Sector/Industry for Nutritionist &Dieticians

  • Hospitals (both public and private)
  • Schools
  • Sports teams
  • Multinational Corporations (MNCs)
  • Nursing Homes
  • Private Clinics
  • Gyms
  • Wellness Centers
  • Home Health Care Agencies
  • Diabetic Clinics
  • Aerobic Centers
  • Wellness Startups
  • Health Product Companies
  • Community Health Programs
  • Research and Advocacy

Jobs in Nutrition & Dietetics

  • Dietician Technician
  • Clinical Dietician
  • Health Coach
  • Rehabilitation Counselor
  • Registered Dietician
  • Registered Nurse
  • Holistic Nutritionist 
  • Licensed Nutritionist  

Salary of Nutritionist & Dietician

The average salary is around 2,00,000 to 7,00,000 rupees per annum. 

Study Material to Become Nutritionist & Dietician

  • Nutrition and Dietetics – Shubhangini A. Joshi
  • Oxford Handbook of Nutrition and Dietetics 
  • How Not to Die – Gene Stone
  • Advanced Nutrition and Dietetics in Nutrition Support 
  • In Defense of Food 
  • Nutrition Science – B. Srilakshmi 

Pros & Cons of Becoming a Nutritionist & Dietician


  • The job is highly respected in society as you are helping people in becoming healthier.
  • The working hours are not that hectic. However, private practitioners might have to work during the weekends to fulfill their customer's needs. 
  • The rate of job growth comparatively higher and the pay isn't that bad.
  • The working environment is suitable, especially for females. The healthcare industry employs a large number of women.


  • One will have to stay up to date and also follow the restrictions of their patients. 
  • It can be a stressful job, and job responsibilities are enormous. 

FAQs about Nutrition & Dietetics