Ethical Hacking

How to Have a Career in Ethical Hacking

Ethical hacking is a sanctioned practice of bypassing system security to recognize potential data breaches and threats in a network. The company that owns a system or network allows cybersecurity engineers to perform such activities to test the system's defenses. 

The term "hacker" was framed in the 1960s at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology to define the experts who used their skills to re-develop mainframe systems, increasing their efficiency and allowing them to multi-task. 

With the increase in popularity of the internet and e-Commerce, malicious hacking became the most commonly known form of breaching companies' privacy and websites. The primary motive of malicious/unethical hacking is stealing valuable information or monetary gain.

About Ethical Hacking

Ethical hackers target to look into the system or network to discover vulnerabilities that malicious hackers can exploit or destroy. They gather and analyze the information to figure out ways to strengthen the system's security or network or application and produce solutions to prevent breaches in the data. 

In this way, they can improve the security footprint to withstand attacks strongly or divert them. The practice of ethical hacking is called "White Hat" hacking. In contrast to its "Black Hat" hacking refers to the way involving security violations. They use illegal techniques to jeopardize the system or annihilate information.

"Grey Hat" hackers do not ask for permission before interfering in your system. Still, they do not possess any malicious intentions and hack systems for fun or various other reasons.


Eligibility to Become an Ethical Hacker

Candidates should have a graduate or postgraduate degree in Information Technology or Computer Science and partnering fields. A diploma in Ethical Hacking is considered an addition. 

The candidate has to be certified as an Ethical Hacker from a well-known institution for better job prospects. Special training in the field along with experience works as an add-on to the resume of the candidate. 

How to Become an Ethical Hacker

Some of the skills needed by an ethical hacker to hack efficiently are-

  • Knowledge of programming
  • Scripting knowledge
  • Networking skills
  • Understanding of databases
  • Understanding of multiple platforms like Windows, Linux, Unix, etc.
  • The ability to work with various types of hacking tools available in the market.
  • Knowledge of search engines and servers.

Top Institutes in India for Ethical Hacking

  • National Institute of Technology, Warangal.
  • Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology, New Delhi.
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai.
  • National Institute of Technology, Mangalore. 
  • Indian School of Ethical Hacking - ISOEH.
  • DOEACC, Calicut.
  • Institute of Information Security.
  • The University of Madras.
  • International Institute of Information Technology.
  • SRM University.
  • Kalasalingam University.

Ethical Hacking Entrance Exams

Admission to some of the famous institutes is made based on entrance exams such as IIT-JEE, CET, etc. At the PG level, CEH Exam (EC Council) is conducted all around the year. The knowledge is evaluated by answering multiple-choice questions about different ethical hacking techniques and tools. The code for the CEH exam is 312-50. 

This certification is now a baseline with a progression to the CEH (Practical), that has been launched in March 2018. It includes a test of penetration testing skills in a lab environment where the candidate has to demonstrate the ability to implement techniques and use penetration testing tools to jeopardize different simulated systems within a virtual environment.

Career Opportunities in Ethical Hacking

The BLS (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics) says that information security analysts, which involves ethical hackers, can expect to rise by 28% from 2016 to 2026. It is four times the national average job growth rate for the same period, 7%. 

Few of the top IT and non-IT hiring companies where ethical hackers have greater employment opportunities are-

  • Wipro
  • Reliance
  • Google
  • Accenture
  • Deloitte
  • KPMG
  • Infosys
  • IBM

Employment Sector/Industry for Ethical Hackers

Companies are in dire need of ethical hackers who can protect them from organized cybercrime groups and strengthen their security boundaries. It is a very good time for ethical hackers in India. 

Companies such as Infosys, Wipro, TCS, Tech Mahindra, IBM, etc., are hiring good ethical hackers. The on-demand profiles include Security Executive, Web Security Manager/Administrator, Network Security Administrator, Network Security Systems Manager, and much more.

Jobs in Ethical Hacking

The types of jobs in this field of work are-

  • Network administrator
  • Security investigator
  • Penetration tester
  • Web security administrator
  • Data security analyst/specialist
  • Computer/digital forensic investigator
  • IT security administrator
  • Network defense technicians

Salary of an Ethical Hacker

A certified ethical hacker in India earns an average salary of Rs 3.5 lakh per year, which increases with experience cumulatively for more than Rs 15 lakh per year.

  • Security Analyst- Rs 3.7 lakhs.
  • Information Security Analyst- Rs 4.3 lakhs.
  • Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH)- Rs 3.5 lakhs.
  • Security Consultant- Rs 5.5 lakhs.
  • Information Security Manager- Rs 12 lakhs.

Study Material for Ethical Hacking

  • CEH Certified Ethical Hacker Study Guide.
  • Ethical Hacking and Penetration Testing Guide.
  • Hacking the Art of Exploitation.
  • Metasploit: The Penetration Tester's Guide.
  • Google Hacking for Penetration Testers.

Pros and Cons of Becoming an Ethical Hacker


  • Helps in preventing cybercrimes.
  • High earning potential.
  • Unconventional career path.


  • Might have to work part-time.
  • Needs you to maintain solid ethical conduct.
  • Very analytical requires a lot of concentration, not very interactive.

FAQs about Ethical Hacking