A Career in Allied Health Sciences: Current Trends and Future Prospects
Allied health sciences is a large group of qualified professionals who use scientific principles that are evidence-based for diagnosing, evaluating, and treating chronic and acute diseases of patients. They work to promote the prevention of diseases and improvement of health and wellness of their affected patients.
Allied healthcare workers are fraught with identifying a patient's disease, diagnosis, and evaluation of the same, and treating chronic conditions. They play a title role in the survival and operation of a country's healthcare system by applying evidence-based practice for the treatment of patients to prevent the spread of the disease and optimize its outcome for patients with conditions persisting for a long time or constantly recurring.
The medical workforce who are not considered physicians but are qualified or frequently licensed to work in medical support services are known also as Allied Health Workers.
Allied healthcare Bill 2020
The National Commission formed for Allied and Healthcare Professions Bill in 2020 was instigated in the Rajya Sabha Dr. Harsh Vardhan (Minister of Health & Family Welfare and Earth Sciences) on the 15th of September 2020. Bill's purpose is to make education on the subject of allied and healthcare professionals a standard practice.
Current Trends of Allied Health Sciences:
More people are discovering themselves in need of assistance from these professionals as society advances. According to NHS England, the 14 allied health professions are:
- Art Therapists: The usage of art in the form of psychotherapy and help in self-expression and communication.
- Drama therapists: Clinicians and Drama artists who use art as a form of psychotherapy.
- Music therapists: Music therapy involves the engagement of patients in musical interactions to improve their mental state.
- Chiropodists or Podiatrists: Chiropodists treat areas of surgery or injuries of all ages and are referred to as podiatric surgeons.
- Dietitians: The qualified individuals who are allowed to examine, diagnose and treat nutrition and diet problems of patients.
- Occupational therapists: Occupational Therapists, often referred to as OTs, are engaged in several voluntary and independent sections of society dealing with mental, physical, social issues of patients.
- Operating Department Practitioners: ODP’s are professionals who provide exceptional care. Three departments are; Anaesthetic, Surgical and Recovery.
- Orthoptists: Orthoptists mainly deal with children and conditions including retinopathy, diabetes, etc.
- Osteopaths: Osteopaths work on conditions centred around non-invasive treatments like skeleton, ligaments, muscles, etc
- Paramedics: The ambulance services at a higher level who rush to emergency sites immediately are paramedics.
- Physiotherapists: The use of physical approaches to help cure Musculoskeletal, neuro-muscular and such conditions are Physiotherapists.
- Prosthetists and Orthotists: Prosthetics helps patients who have had to amputate limbs or legs and replicate them with prosthetics. Orthotists are practitioners treat neuro-muscular and skeletal conditions.
- Radiographers: Diagnostic Radiographers provide images of severe injuries and various diseases like ultrasound, Breast Screening, etc. Therapeutic Radiographers treat cancer through surgery or chemotherapy.
- Speech and language therapists: SLT’s support young children and adults to overcome severe speech or language difficulties.
The recent trends and issues seen in Allied Healthcare Sciences are listed below:
- The public policies: The career options open to students are inclusive of human health services, medical sciences and behavioural sciences.
- Research related needs: The researches about allied health forces are helping to minimise underuse, overuse and misuse of healthcare services.
- Employment opportunities: A large number of employment opportunities for aspirants of allied health professionals. Occupational Therapists are the highest-paid with an $80,756 per annum.
Top Reasons To choose the field of Allied Health as a Profession
- Advancement in Healthcare Technology
- Shortage of Physicians
- Insurances for healthcare workers
- Improvement of working conditions
- A profession with high income
- Early clinical experience opportunities
- Higher Job Satisfaction
- Flexibility in the field of jobs
Future prospects of Allied Health Sciences
The COVID-19 crisis has led to the need for the development of healthcare. Healthcare is a crucial aspect in society. With the improvement in technology and education, more people are opting for this profession. Three primary reasons making the course beneficial are:
- In developing an in-depth knowledge of healthcare science
- Equipping aspirants with additional skills and knowledge
- The scope of securing a high position job.
AHS related courses offered
- B.Sc. Anaesthesia Technology: Study of patient care role and specialization in techniques and control of anesthetics.
- B.Sc. Applied Psychology: Study of human psychological and behavioral complications and treatment.
- B.Sc. Operation Theatre Technology: Study about necessities for surgery, sterilization, anesthetic gasses, and drapes.
- B.Sc. Optometry: Study of eye complications, visual defects, and treatment.
- B.Sc. Cardiac Technology: Study and diagnosis of heart-related and peripheral vascular conditions.
- B.Sc. Clinical Nutrition (under CBCS): Study of improvement of diet to keep a healthy energy balance.
- B.Sc. Critical Care Technology: Theoretical and practical subjects of intensive care.
- B.Sc. Forensic Science: Study of criminal and civil laws.
- B.Sc. Geriatric Care Technology: Study of management and care of the elderly.
- B.Sc. ICU Technology: Study of bedside instruments and machinery for the care of critically ill.
- B.Sc. Medical Laboratory Technology: Study of diagnosis and prevention of diseases through clinical laboratory equipment.
- B.Sc. Medical Genetics: Applying genetics to treat diseases.
- B.Sc. Neuroscience Technology: Study on subjects of nerves of the brain and consciousness.
- B.Sc. Nuclear Medicine Technology: Study about radioactive tracers to treat diseases.
- B.Sc. Orthopaedics Technology: Study of technical support for doctors.
- B.Sc. Paediatric Surgical Technology: Study of medical or surgical processes during treatment.
- B.Sc. Perfusion Technology: Study about the pathology and physiology of respiratory organs.
- B.Sc. Physician Assistant: Mid-level healthcare assistant present by primary physicians.
- B.Sc. Plastic Reconstructive and Cosmetic Technology: Study on plastic surgery and treatment of abnormal deformation of the body.
- B.Sc. Radiology & Imaging Science Technology: Study about the use of imaging technology in radiology.
- B.Sc. Radiography Technology: Use of MRI scans, X-rays, etc in treating patients.
- B.Sc. Renal Dialysis Technology: Study the removal of excess water, solute, and toxins from the blood.
- B.Sc. Respiratory Care Technology: Study about the treatment of cardiopulmonary problems of patients.
- B.Sc. Trauma Care Management: Study about intensive care of patients with mental trauma.
- B.Sc. Urology Technology: Study of treatment of urinary tract diseases.
- BOT Bachelor of Therapy: Study of prevention, cure, and rehabilitation of patients.
- B.Sc.(Hons.) Medical Microbiology and Molecular Biology: Study of bacteria, fungus, and viruses related to health conditions.
- Bachelor of Speech, Language & Hearing Sciences: To cure abnormal speech, language, and hearing.
- B.ASLP Bachelor of Audiology & Speech-Language Pathology: Clinical practice related to treating speech-language disorders.
- B.Optom(under CBCS): study about eyes and visual systems.